Makalu Barun National Park
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|Makalu Barun National Park|
Makalu Barun National Park and Buffer zone area (previously conservation area) was established in 1992. This park administered and managed by Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation.Government of Nepal and supported by The Mountain Institute's initiative,is an innovative conservation model that integrates protected area management and community development.
A new park management approach encourages local people to become actively involved in protecting the forests and natural resources upon which their lives depend,and conserving their own rich cultural heritage. Traditional resource management systems,such as community controlled grazing and forest guardianship, are being strengthened andlow technologies introduced where appropriate.
Features of the Natioanl park:
From tropical forests along the Arun River to icy mountain summits,Nepal's Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer zone, covering 1500 + 830 sq, km.People can see panoramic view of the Mt. Makalu (8,463m)fifth highest mountain in the world, Mt. Chamlang(7,319m), Mt. Baruntse (7,120m). Mera Peak (6,600m.)
Makalu-Barun area falls in the eastern Himalayan climatic regime where monsoon starts early (June) and stays longer than in west Nepal (until late September). The climate is generally described as monsoon type, where more than 70% of the precipitation occursbetween June and September. Pre monsoon rain is common during the month of April and May, an important factor in biomes production. It differes according to the slopes and geographical structures.
Flora and Fauna
Recognized for its tremendous diversity of plants, animals and people, the area contains 25 species of rhododendron, 47 types of orchids, and 56 rare plants. Snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, wild boar, and they are among the wildlife found here.
The Makalu-Barun National park and Buffer zone headquarter is located at Seduwa. A kerosene depot at Makalu Tourism Association as well as private lodgers in Tashingaou sales kerosene to all trekking groups including the porters.Up to Makalu Base Camp trekkers can buy Kerosene, rice and trekking foods Makalu Tourism Association rent kerosene stoves and blankets for porters.The trekking group or related trekking companies have to provide the facilities to the porters.
Accessible there :
People can get there either by plane or by bus, there is daily flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar.You can go there bus up to Hile and after Hile bus is changed to Tumlingtar.
Condition of trail:
Most trails are quite rocky, and become slippery after rain or overnight freezes.Until April or May, winter snows generally stay on the passes and on high altitude trails approaching shershong. One particular hazardous area is the trail between Mountain sickness can also be a serious risk if elevation gains are rapid without proper acclimatisation.
Camping designated areas:
Campsites have been designated along the trek route. The purpose of this designation of campsite is to regulate the impact on vegetation, aesthetic, landscapes damage and waste management etc. Seven campsites have been designated in ( Khongma 3500 m,Dobato 3500m, Yangle 3570m, Neghe 3700m, Langmale 4100m,Shershong 4600m) for tourist .