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Boudha Nath Stupa

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Boudha Nath Stupa


                                                                     Boudha Nath Stupa

One of the oldest and the biggest Buddhist monuments ever built in Nepal,is also World Heritage Site of the UNESCO. Boudha Nath Stupa is famous for Buddhist painting and Thanka gallery.Boudhanath is an imposing structure standing some 36 meters. The Stupa stands on the massive three level mandala style Platforms surrounded by colourful private family houses,Buddhist related goods.

The basic feature of this great stupa is very much like that of Swayambhunath stupa except its finial displaying. It is much bigger than Swayambhu Nath Stupa and lies on the valley floor whereas the former one  stands on the hill top.  This stupa is said to have been built in 5th century A. D. The site is considered very much like mecca for the Tibetan Buddhists and every year tens of thousands of pilgrims from all over the Himalayan region visit the stupa.

According to a very popular legend long time ago the kingdom of Kathmandu was under terrifying draught. King Dharma Deva was very worried. An astrologer advised him that only the sacrifice of an ideal man with 32 virtues in front of the dry royal water spout could make the rain fall in the country. And in the following night he commanded his son to go to the dry water spout inside the royal palace compound at mid night and behead the person shrouded in white robe without looking at him. The Prince obeyed his father but to his great horror only to find it was none other than his own father.  In order to atone the big sin and in removal the prince said to have built this great stupa. As an entrepot of ancient Nepal-Tibet trade route, the site is popularly frequented by Tibetan visitors. During Lhosar festival the pilgrims worship the Buddhist deities, light the increase and butter lamp day and night.You can see some elephants and other animals beside budhha statue,it is said to have been used in the constuction task of the massive stupa in the ancient time.

                            Wheel of life  

Actually Baudha Nath Stupa is popular for the wheel of life as a painting we can observe it against the wall of monastery. But you need experienced city guide to understand it.We will provide you lots of information about the wheele life and rest of the all the things, which are related to the cultural activities in the periphery of the Baudhha Nath.

More information about wheel of life:

The Wheel of Life , depicted in thegateway / entryway to most monasteries,is an aid to realising the delusion of the mind,a complex pictorial representation of how desire chains us to secular the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth, what is birth, what is life, and what is death ?

In Wheel of life you can specially three rooms: core or inner, second inner and outer circle:The Wheel is held in the mouth of Yamaraj, the god of the under world or the lord / god of Death.The inner circle of interdependent desire shows a bird (representing desire or unlimited desire of human being) biting a pig (ignorance, it symbolyses totally unconcious),biting a snake (stands for anger or aggressive modes.

A second ring is divided into two parts, ascending through the realms on the left which is called higher rebirth and descending on the right is called lower rebirth, where  Ascending is white and descending is black in color. It stands for other meanings as well, we will provide you during of your sight seeing in Baudhanath.

The second circle / room of the wheel stands the six different kind of psychology of rebirth : gods, semi-gods or  demigods,and human beings, it indicates the higher rebith, and hungry ghosts,hell and animals (the lower birth),All the beings are reborn through this cycle dependent upon their Karma (Fate).The Buddha is depicted outside the wheel,symbolising his release into a state of nirvana.

What is Karma? At the bottom of the wheel are hot and cold hells,where Yama holds a mirror that reflects one's lifetime.A demon to the side holds a scale with black and white pebbles,weighing up the good and bad deeds of one's lifetime.

The hungry spirits are recogbisable by their huge stomachs,thin needle-like necks and tiny mouths,which cause them insatiable hungry and thirst.in each realm the buddha attempts to convey his teaching (the dharma).Bhuddha has tried to show it in all the realms..................................................................................?

The 12 rooms depict the so-called 12 links / chains of dependent orgination,and the 12 of interlinked,co-dependent and causal experiences life that perpetuate the cycle of samsara.

The 12 images (whose order may vary) are of:

01: A blind woman (representing ignorance)

02: A potter (unconscious will)

03: A monkey (consciousness)

04: A man in a boat ( self consciousness)

 05: A house( five + one sense)

06: Spous(lovers/ contacts 

 07: A man with an Arrow his eye(feeling)

08: A drinking scene(desire)

09: A figure grasping fruit from a tree

 10: ( Greedy)

11: pregnancy

12: An old man, birth and death

 (a man carrying a corpse to a sky burial).could be followed by taking the Noble Eightfold path,The philosophical underpinnings of this path were the Four Noble truths,which addressed the problems of Karma and rebirth.this basic concepts are the kernel of early Buddhist thought.

REBIRTH:
Life is a cycle of rebirth.The common assumption is that there are many rebirths,but in Buddhist thought they are innumerable.The Sanskrit word 'samsara' ,literally 'wandering on', is used to describe this cycle, and life is seen as wandering on limitlessly though time, and through the birth, extinction and rebirth of galaxies and worlds. There are six levels of rebirth or realms of existence. It is important to accumulate enough merit to avoid the three lower realms, although in the long cycle of rebirth , all beings pass through them at some point. These six levels are depicted on the Wheel of life. All beings are fated to tread this wheel continuously until they make a commitment to enlightenment.

KARMA(FATE):
All beings pass through the same cycle of rebirths.Their enemy may once have been their mother,and like all beings they have lived as an insect and as a god,and suffered in one of the hell realms. Movement within this cycle,though, is not haphazard.It is governed by karma.

Karma is a slippery concept.It is sometimes translated simply as 'action',but it also implies the consequences of action. Karma might be thought of as an overarching condition of life. Every action in life leaves a psychic trace that carries over into the next rebirth. It should not be thought of as a reward or punishment, but simply as a result. In Buddhist thought karma is frequently likened to a seed that ripens into a fruit: thus a human reborn as an insect is harvesting the fruits of a previous immoral existence.

MERIT:
Given that karma is a kind of accumulated psychic baggage that we must lug through countless rebirths, is the aim of all practicing Buddhists to try to accumulate as much 'good karma' merit-as possible.Merit is best achieved through the act of rejoicing is giving that is purely motivated by a desire for merit.The giving of alms to the needy and to monks, the relinquishing of a son to monkhood,acts of compassion and understanding are all meritorious and have positive karmic outcome.

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